Machel, Samora Moises

(1933–1986)
   Machel led the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) and was the first president of the People’s Republic of Mozambique. Born in Gaza province, southern Mozambique (then a Portuguese colony), Machel worked as a medical assistant before joining FRELIMO in 1962. He went to Algeria in 1963 to receive military training, returning the following year as a guerrilla fighter. He became commander in chief of the military wing of FRELIMO, the People’s Forces for the Liberation of Mozambique, and in 1970 the FRELIMO Central Committee formally made Machel party president. In 1974 Machel led the FRELIMO delegation in peace talks with the Portuguese who had finally conceded that they were losing the protracted war against the independence movement. In June 1975 he was invested as president of the newly formed and avowedly Marxist People’s Republic of Mozambique. He died on 19 October 1986 in an air crash.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samora Moises Machel — Samora Machel mit Margot Honecker (1983) Samora Moisés Machel (* 29. März 1933 in Xilambene, Distrikt Gaza; † 19. Oktober 1986, Komatipoort, Südafrika) war von 1975 bis 1986 der erste Präsident von Mosambik. Samora Machel war ab 1970 Präsident… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samora Machel — Mandats 1er président de la République populaire du Mozambique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samora Machel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Samora Machel Graça Simbine, Nicolae Ceauşescu y Samora Machel en Maputo Presidente de Mozambique …   Wikipedia Español

  • Samora Machel — mit Margot Honecker (1983) Samora Moisés Machel (* 29. September 1933 in Xilambene, Distrikt Gaza; † 19. Oktober 1986, Komatipoort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moisés — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Form Moisés 2.2 Form Moises …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Machel —   [ma ʃɛl], Samora Moises, Politiker in Moçambique, * Xilambewe (Distrikt Gaza) 29. 9. 1933, ✝ (Flugzeugabsturz) bei Komatipoort (Südafrika) 19. 10. 1986; Krankenpfleger, schloss sich 1963 der Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) an,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Samora Machel — Infobox President name = Samora Moisés Machel order = 1st President of Mozambique term start = June 25, 1975 term end = October 19, 1986 predecessor = successor = Joaquim Chissano birth date = birth date|1933|09|29 birth place = Madragoa, Gaza… …   Wikipedia

  • Machel — /meuh shel /, n. Samora Moisés /seuh mawr euh moy zes /, 1933 86, Mozambique political leader: president 1975 86. * * * …   Universalium

  • Machel — /meuh shel /, n. Samora Moisés /seuh mawr euh moy zes /, 1933 86, Mozambique political leader: president 1975 86 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Samora Machel — (Moises) (1933 1986) homme politique mozambicain; chef de l état de l indépendance (1975) à sa mort (dans un accident d avion) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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